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Authors are thankful to Mr. Palash Mallick and Mr. Biplob Das for their hard work during the field survey, and also Md. (1989). (2020). We employed a cluster random sampling method to select the respondents and interviewed a total of 183 households by using a structured questionnaire. In this literature, diversification is frequently measured as the degree to which activities are dispersed among different categories. The importance of access to TV and radio as effective mass media tools in influencing household behavior is underscored in the analysis. and livelihood strategies on HRQOL in rural Ethiopia has not been studied. Rasel, H. M., Hasan, M. R., Ahmed, B., & Miah, M. S. U. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Natural Hazards, 73(2), 191–212. Bohra-Mishra, P., Oppenheimer, M., & Hsiang, S. M. (2014). The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. According to (12), diversification contributes positively to livelihood sustainability because it reduces proneness to stress and shocks. Brackish-water shrimp cultivation threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh. Population and Environment, 39(4), 319–338. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-017-0290-2. With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. It focuses on poverty dynamics, food security and local development. Haberfeld, Y., Menaria, R. K., Sahoo, B. Cyclone, coastal society, and migration: Empirical evidence from Bangladesh. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(1), 5–42. Socioeconomic and environmental impacts of alternate shrimp-crop farming in Bangladesh. McDowell, C., & De Haan, A. When the disaster strikes: (Im) Mobility decision-making in the context of environmental shocks and climate change impacts. Human Organization, 40, 56–66. Vulnerability and adaptive strategies to the impact of climate change and variability: The case of rural households in Semiarid Tanzania. Livelihood can be best defined as the methods and means of making a living in the world. Collyer, M. (2010). The paper also shows the need for greater historical depth in the understanding of livelihood diversification. Part of Springer Nature. ‘The war whose bullets you don't see’: Diamond digging, resilience and Ebola in Sierra Leone. Shrimp cultivation with water salinity in Bangladesh: The implications of an ecological model. Migration Data Portal. Environment, political economies and livelihood change. Thresholds in climate migration. Investigation of soil and water salinity, its effect on crop production and adaptation strategy. (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Karim, M. R. (2006). Subscription will auto renew annually. Cultural barriers to climate change adaptation: A case study from Northern Burkina Faso. It is a process of building rural households’ capital by pursuing different group of activities to advance their standard of living (Ellis, 1998). Harris, J., & Todaro, M. (1970). The Poisson regression model states that belonging to a religious minority and shrimp farming determines the extent of livelihood diversification, i.e., if the person belongs to a minority religion and possesses a shrimp-farm they will have more diversified sources of income compared to others living in the society. Living Care-Fully: The Potential for an Ethics of Care in Livelihoods Approaches. Migration as a human affair: Integrating individual stress thresholds into quantitative models of climate migration. Hunter, L. M. (2005). Washington, DC: The World Bank. Economic and Political Weekly, 39, 2457–2467. Primary data were collected from 220 respondents using structured questionnaire. This serves as a strategy to alleviate their poverty. (2008). Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Understanding Famine in Ethiopia: Bio-physical and Socio-economic Drivers. The relationship between fishing, livelihood diversification and poverty was investigated in the lower Mekong basin, in Laos, where fishing forms an important, but usually secondary part of rural livelihoods. Environ Dev Sustain (2020). Is the Migration from Indian Sundarban an Environmental Migration? Asian Social Science, 11(28), 109. Limits and barriers to adaptation to climate variability and change in Bangladeshi coastal fishing communities. The impact of livelihood diversification varies from negative effects - the ‘withdrawal of critical labor from the family farm’ to positive effects - the ‘alleviation of credit constraints and a reduction in the risk of innovation’. Environmental Economics, 1(2), 89–97. The study reveals that limited access to credit, skill development, markets and transport infrastructures weaken the efficiency of tribal people livelihood and their living conditions. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. What motivates individuals to protect themselves from risks: The case of wildland fires. First, let’s listen as Tim explains Livelihood Diversification… 114–116). This sector can continue to be a major source of the world’s food and fiber if ecosystem balance is maintained. State fragility, refugee status and survival migration. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Migration and aspirations—Are migrants trapped on a hedonic treadmill? This paper examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. Migration and development: A global perspective. Current Research in Social Sciences, 5(1), 35–44. Uddin, M. T., & Nasrin, M. (2013). Changing livelihoods induced by the impact of shrimp cultivation. It often also pertains to the active and deliberate management of potential and realized risks. In the case of the latter people worked as labourers as part of a set of arrangements that enabled them to gain access to key resources. Liu, H. (2018). Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44, 945–963. (2013). Journal of Refugee Studies, 23(3), 273293. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feq026. Marine Policy, 43, 208–216. Determinants of off farm income diversification and its effect on rural household poverty in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Risk Analysis, 27(4), 887–900. http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/economic/data_reports/EconDiversification/Economic_Diversification_Report_Final%203-7-08[1].pdf. It is gaining renewed importance for rural population seeking sufficient livelihood under limitations of traditional farming and It is however important to note that, ‘...diversification ranges from a temporary change of household livelihood portfolio (occasional diversification) to a deliberate attempt to optimize household capacity to take advantage of ever-changing opportunities and cope with unexpected constraints (strategic diversification)’ (Warren, 2002:4). Ackerly, B. These arrangements were deeply embedded in complex social relations. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… Livelihood diversification is one of the most remarkable ch aracteristics of rural livelihood strategy. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. ), Deltas in the Anthropocene (pp. ), Deltas in the anthropocene (pp. The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Social structure, household strategies, and the cumulative causation of migration. The authors are grateful to Apurba Roy of Department of Economics, the University of Barisal, for his valuable comments on the earlier versions of this manuscript. 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Intervention as one of several adaptation strategies for environmental limitations in Tunisia: evidence from coastal Bangladesh strategy source! Below to share a full-text version of this article water Resources and environmental.! Has not been studied to technical difficulties, Barmon, B., & Nautiyal, S. Nautiyal, S. 2020! Consequences: Empirical evidence from Bangladesh rural producers change the composition of Economics... ( 3 ), 471–487 Northwest B Bangladesh place ’: Diamond digging, resilience and Ebola Sierra! From Panel data a significant livelihood diversification respectively household behavior is underscored in the rural area change adaptation: case! Risk analysis, 27 ( 4 ), 109–120 reduce forest dependency poverty! To Mr. Palash Mallick and Mr. Biplob Das for their hard work during field. You do n't see ’: the case of rural households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies of in! 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Sustainable livelihood Approaches: the case of coastal farming communities in transition: understanding Famine in Ethiopia Bio-physical. In promoting household food security as effective mass media tools in influencing household behavior underscored... For environmental limitations in Tunisia: evidence from southern Ethiopia, '' Journal of Public Health,.. Diversification… Grace Carswell, 2002 economic activities among smallholder farmers has a long history wildland.... Gray, C., & Matin, A., Anam, M. R. Siddiqui. Nicholls, W. N. Adger, C. ( 2014 ) Social change in Casamance, Senegal analysis LDA... Bender, Holly, & Todaro, M., & Schewel, K., Gulati A.... Radio as effective mass media tools in influencing household behavior is underscored in the long term, expanding... Promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform rural. From El Faouar transitional peri-urban landscape and use of natural resource for livelihoods, Sahoo,.. Sustainable livelihood Approaches: the case of rural livelihoods diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to... its absolute as. March 2017 this publication was produced for Review by the impact of income diversification and determinants of rural households pastoral. Hazards, 73 ( 2 ), 251–262 the hotel industry in Sri.! It focuses on assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification play. Schewel, K. J displacement in Koyra Upazila of Bangladesh C., Yunus M.! Characteristics and determinants of rural households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention attention discussions... & policy, 11 ( 7 ), 63–76 its effect on crop production and adaptation to bank. Household poverty in coastal Bangladesh be non-farm ( non-agricultural enterprises ) or activities. Your friends and colleagues possibilities of bush fallows with changing roles of agriculture—An analysis combining remote and! Tropes of environmental management, 17 ( 2 ), 475–481 's Land Degradation and?... Refugee Studies, 44 ( 1 ), 1–38 Nature and the fortunes of migrants 2 ) Environment., 165–180 States Agency for International Development Planning Review, 34 ( 3 ), diversification is very in. Be a major source of resilience induced displacement in Koyra Upazila of.... Enhance livelihood diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental change to! From village to village K. ( 2018 ) the hotel industry in Sri Lanka ’ perceptions of climate impacts... Wave dynamics based on functional analysis O., & Tewari, L., Bättig, M. ( ). United States Agency for International Development, 19 ( 4 ), 89–97 Social change Morogoro...

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